Botox Basics: A Quick Guide

It’s not a big surprise that plastic surgery and cosmetic procedures are on the rise – partly due to new innovations in surgical technique and technology. In addition, beauty and health have become the fascination not only of celebrities, but also everyday people who are talking more and more openly about the procedures they love. With shows like “Botched” and “Keeping Up with The Kardashians”, it seems like everyone is looking for a way to achieve that Hollywood look!

When hearing “cosmetic procedures” many people think of breast augmentation, nose jobs, face-lifts, or other surgeries that are well-known. However, according to the annual report of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) on plastic surgery trends, the most popular procedures in 2017 were injectables!

The ASPS reports there were 17.5 million surgical and minimally-invasive procedures (such as injectables) performed in the U.S. last year. Botulinum toxin type A injections —known most commonly by their brand names Botox, Dysport, or Xeomin — took the top spot for minimally-invasive treatments.

As Botox use continues to rise both in younger and older patients, more people are straying away from the traditional idea of “going under the knife”, or are putting off these surgical procedures for longer periods of time by choosing a minimally-invasive non-surgical procedure like Botox to achieve their esthetic goals.

We thought you may want to know a little more about this top beauty trend, so here is your quick guide to everything you need to know about the basics of Botox!


Botox received FDA approval in 2002 for cosmetic treatment aimed at enhancing the youthful appearance of the face by eliminating wrinkles and fine lines. It is derived from Clostridium botulinum, and its mechanism of action is to block cholinergic transmission at the neuromuscular junction by inhibiting the release of acetylcholine from peripheral nerve endings. Put simply,

Botox injections work to block the nerves, therefore instead of contracting, the muscles stay relaxed which means the skin doesn’t form a wrinkle. Less contracting equals- less wrinkles, softening of existing wrinkles, or prevention of new wrinkles forming.


The popularity of Botox is largely due to the fact that it can be used for a wide variety of both medical and cosmetic purposes. Although many people who are not aware of its indications and uses may just think it’s used just to “look a little younger”, that couldn’t be further from the truth. Here are just a few of the esthetic and medical uses:

Most common area treated and indications:

Other areas treated & indications:


Botox injections are administered by a qualified licensed medical professional. Most often by a registered nurse, nurse practitioner, or physician. The procedure begins with an initial consultation where the outcomes and expectations are discussed.

The provider will assess:

The patient may be asked to stop certain medications including aspirin and other anti-inflammatory medications to reduce chances of excessive bleeding and bruising before the treatment.

The injections and the amount of Botox needed are determined by the medical professional, while taking the patients desires into account. After administration to the problem areas, the movement of the muscles in that area are minimized greatly or frozen. The injections are a very quick process with little pain. Often, numbing cream is provided in advance to maximize your comfort. There is no requirement of a general or local anesthetic. You could undergo the treatment during your lunch break, as usually the appointment lasts for less than 15 minutes. There is no downtime and you can return to work immediately.

The results may be visible within 72 hours, although it could take seven days to obtain maximum effect. In some very rare cases patients to not respond to Botox. It is common to see a partial response to the first set of Botox injections while complete muscle relaxation is often obtained after the second or third set of injections.


Slight bruising is the most common side effect. Rarely, patients may have a very minor headache that subsides within a day or two. Allergic reactions are also very rare and not commonly encountered. When a qualified and experienced medical professional administers the injections, most other problems are not witnessed.


The results can last between four to six months. Since all individuals respond differently, the medical professional is the best person to advise on the required number of treatments in a year.

-Kenzie Jackson RN, BSN



Botox treatments are available at Peak Medical Clinic and on sale all month long! Contact one of our 4 Oregon offices for details:

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